What is a cookie?
A cookie is a small fragment of text that websites send to the browser and that is stored in the users terminal, which could be a personal computer, a mobile phone, a tablet, etc. These files allow the website to remember the information about your visit, such as the language and the selected options, which could facilitate your next visit and make the site more useful when customizing its content. The cookies have a very important role, improving the experience when using the website.
How are they used?
When browsing the website the user is agreeing the installation of cookies in his terminal, which allows us to know the following information: Statistic information about the website user. The user’s login to keep the session active in the website. The preferential website format in the access from mobile devices. The latest searches carried out in the web services and personalization data of these services. Information about the adverts that are shown to the user:
Type of cookies used
- Statistical information on the use of the web.
- The user 'login' to keep the session active on the web.
- The format of the preferred web access from mobile devices.
- Latest searches on web services and data customization services.
- Information about the ads that are displayed to the user.
- Survey information where the user has participated.
- Data connectivity to social networks for users accessing via Facebook or Twitter
This Web uses both temporary and permanent cookies. The session cookies only store data while the user accesses the Web and the permanent cookies store data in the terminal to be accessed and used in more than one session.
Depending on the purpose of the data obtained through the cookies, the Web can use different kinds of cookies:
Technical cookies are those that allow the user to browse through the website or the application and the use of different options or services that exist within. For example, controlling the traffic and accumulation of data, identifying a session, accessing the restricted access areas in the Web, remembering the elements that integrate an order, sending a subscription request or participating in an event, using security elements during browsing and storing content for the diffusion of videos or sound.
Personalization cookies are those that allow the user to access the service with some general characteristics predefined in the terminal or that the same user defines. For example, the language, the type of browser from which the user accesses the service, the design of the selected contents, geolocation of the terminal and the local configuration where the service is accessed.
Publicity cookies are those that allow an efficient management of the publicity spaces that have been included in the website or the application from where the service is rendered. They allow to adequate the content of the publicity to be relevant to the user and avoid showing adds that the user has already seen.
Statistic research cookies
Statistic research cookies are those that allow the follow-up and analysis of the users’ behaviour in the websites. The information gathered through this kind of cookies is used in the measurement of the website, application or platform activity and for the creation of browsing profiles of the users of such sites, with the aim to introduce improvements to the services following the information about usage from the users.
How to manage cookies in the browser?
The user has the option to allow, block or delete the installed cookies in its device through the configuration of the browser options installed in the terminal:
You can allow, block or delete cookies installed in your device through the configuration of the browser options. You can find information on how to do it in the most common browsers, in the following links:
In some browsers it is possible to set specific rules to manage cookies for the website, which offers a more precise control over privacy. This means that cookies can be disabled from all the places except for trusted websites.